Types of Microphones
Dynamic microphones are considered the standard in broadcasting and radio. Tend to be gain heavy.
Condenser microphones tend to be very sensitive to room noise and other unwanted noise like breaths and lip smacking and require phantom power typically.
USB microphones attach directly to your computer. Simple and easy and usually recommended for people just starting out as they work right out of the box.
XLR microphones are considered the pro connector and found on most higher end microphones. XLR require either an audio interface like the Focusrite Scarlett 6i6 which is what I use or a mixing board.
Popular Podcast Microphones:
For a complete list of microphones that I use and recommend go to mikemurphy.co/resources.
To purchase gear, visit my Amazon Store where I have all the gear in one place: mikemurphy.co/amazon